Testing will include 72 hours of continuous pumping with observations coming from three days before pumping to set conditions and three days after to observe recovery.
“It’s important to see full recharge happen before pumping resumes,” Feenstra said. “The whole goal is to make sure there is a sustainable well field that does not deplete the water of the aquifer system.”
All of the data will need to be written up with predictions made for drought conditions, he said, meaning the well will need to be able to run for 100 days of pumping with no recharge.
“If we get to that stage and a well field goes in, then a source water protection plan must be created,” Feenstra added. All of the work will be reviewed by his peers at the Ohio EPA and Ohio Department of Natural Resources, he added. Site-specific testing will be done where the well will go because every production well is unique.
“The goal is to determine if this new withdrawal can be sustained by the aquifer system without causing harm to the environment or to other users,” Feenstra said. “This is a well-established plan that has been implemented nationwide, specifically in Ohio, Michigan and Indiana.”